South Korea: A quota of men in teaching

The educational bureau of the city of Seoul push for a quota system to guarantee a certain number of male teachers in primary and secondary schools in an attempt to prevent women dominate the profession, it was learned official sources, Wednesday, March 26, 2008.

In the Korean capital, women represent 83% of primary school teachers, said the Municipal Office for Education (Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education), which intends to propose its revision at the Ministry of Education, Science and technology in the day.

According to Seoul City, the female laying a hand, a problem with male students who do not find teachers in their figures "models" and secondly it generates problems of administrative management.

To reduce the gender disparity of teachers, laws should be revised, which can only be done by the Ministry of Education," said an inspector of schools in the city of Seoul.

Until now, existing laws make no distinction or restriction on the gender of teachers recruited.

The dominance of female teachers in primary schools and colleges is a global phenomenon that is also found in the U.S., Europe or China. Pour le cas de la Coree, on a constate, apres la crise financiere asiatique de 1997 que de nombreuses femmes se sont tournees vers l'enseignement pour assurer un emploi stable et profiter de vacances plus longues se contentant d'un salaire modeste, tandis que les hommes se sont plutot diriges vers les secteurs medicaux, financiers, ou des technologies de l'information. For the case of Korea, it was found after the 1997 Asian financial crisis that many women have turned to education to ensure a stable job and enjoy longer holidays merely a modest salary, while men are more directed towards the medical, financial, or information technology.

Quotas in education and occupation

In Seoul, dating agencies tout the teachers as the best wives, tied with the pharmacists, and senior officials, men's side, judges, doctors and sports stars are presented as the ideal husband.

Nationally, women represent 74% of primary school teachers, 64% of college professors and 42% of high school teachers.

The Department of Education expects to receive the proposal from the municipality of Seoul, said Park Jung-jae, a spokesman for the ministry, adding that no decision had been taken on a quota system.

March 30, 2008

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